Carmen’s research interests are in the areas of natural and environmental sciences with a focus on the ecology of coastal vegetated ecosystems (seagrasses, macroalgae, and salt marshes). She combines experimental and observational fieldwork, mesocosms experiments, and modelling to conduct research in three main areas:

Ecosystem Services – The role of coastal vegetated ecosystems in the provision of services, namely carbon sequestration, water purification and biodiversity support.

Environmental Impacts – The responses of coastal ecosystems to environmental factors and human impacts, including ocean acidification and marine contaminants.

Functional Ecology – The investigation of plant functional traits, specially morphological and biomechanical traits, and how they influence ecological processes in coastal vegetated ecosystems.